General

Korean Food Words

http://www.lifeinkorea.com/graphics/spacer.gifGrilled Foods 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

barbecued beef

불고기

bulgogi

broiled beef tripe and chitterlings

양곱창구이

yang gobchang-gui

broiled eel

장어구이

jangeo-gui

broiled short ribs

갈비구이

galbi-gui

grilled chicken

닭구이

dak-gui

grilled fish

생선구이

saengseon-gui

grilled side of pork

삼겹살구이

samgyeopsal-gui

grilled sirloin

등심구이

deungshim-gui

grilled tenderloin

안심구이

ansihm-gui

grilled toduk root

더덕구이

deodeok-gui

broiled flatfish

가자미구이

gajami-gui

seasoned and grilled yellow dried pollack

황태구이

hwangtae-gui

broiled Spanish mackerel

삼치구이

samchi-gui

 



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Kimchi Types 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

chopped radish kimchi

깍두기

ggakdugi

ponytail kimchi

총각김치

chonggak kimchi

red water kimchi

나박김치

nabak kimchi

rolled kimchi

보쌈김치

bossam kimchi

summer green water kimchi

열무물김치

yeolmumul kimchi

white cabbage kimchi

백김치

baek kimchi

whole cabbage kimchi

배추김치

baechu kimchi

winter white water kimchi

동치미

dong chimi

 



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Meat Dishess 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

barbecued beef

불고기

bulgogi

broiled short ribs

갈비구이

galbi-gui

ginseng chicken soup

삼계탕

samgye-tang

grilled side of pork

삼겹살구이

samgyeopsal-gui

grilled sirloin

등심구이

deungshim-gui

grilled tenderloin

안심구이

ansihm-gui

Korean sausage

순대

sundae

chicken

통닭

tongdak

beef boiled in soy

장조림

jangjorim

pork hock

족발

jokbal

variety vegetable wrap with rice and meat

보쌈

bossam

slices of boiled pork

편육

pyeonyuk

seasoned shredded beef

육회

yukhoe

 



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Noodle Dishes 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

buckwheat noodles with clear chicken soup

막국수

makguksu

buckwheat noodles with raw fish

회냉면

hoe naengmyon

cold noodles in soup

냉면

naengmyeon

hot spicy noodles

쫄면

jjolmyeon

handmade noodles

칼국수

kalguksu

Japanese noodles

우동

udong

mixed vegetables with noodles

잡채

japchae

noodles in soy bean water

냉콩국수

naengkongguksu

ramyon

라면

ramyeon

spicy buckwheat noodles

비빔냉면

bibim naengmyon

watery buckwheat noodles

물냉면

mul naengmyon

wheat flour noodles

국수

guksu

noodle casserole

국수전골

guksu jeongol

buckwheat noodles

메밀국수

memil guksu

 



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Rice Dishes 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

five-grain rice

오곡밥

ogokbap

fried rice

볶음밥

bokgeumbap

kimchi fried rice

김치볶음밥

kimchi bokkeumbap

mixed vegetables on rice

비빔밥

bibimbap

rice wrapped in seaweed

김밥

gimbap

sizzling vegetables on rice

돌솥비빔밥

dolsot bibimbap

stir-fried octopus

낙지볶음밥

nakji bokkeumbap

rice ball

주먹밥

jumukbap

broiled scorched rice

누룽지밥

nurungji bap

boiled rice mixed with vegetables

돌솥밥

dolsotbap

boiled rice with various nutritious ingredients

영양밥

yeongyang bap

 



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Seafood Dishes 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

broiled eel

장어구이

jangeo-gui

grilled fish

생선구이

saengseon-gui

broiled Spanish mackerel

삼치구이

samchi-gui

seasoned and grilled yellow dried pollack

황태구이

hwangtae-gui

broiled flatfish

가자미구이

gajami-gui

hot spicy fish soup

매운탕

maeun-tang

octopus stew

낙지전골

nakji-jeongol

stir-fried octopus

낙지볶음

nakji bokkeum

blue crab marinated in soy sauce

간장게장

ganjang gejang

spicy bai top shells with mixed vegetables

골뱅이무침

golbaengi muchim

blue crab stew

꽃게탕

kkotge-tang

abalone porridge

전복죽

jeonbok juk

mixed raw skate and vegetables with seasoning

홍어회무침

hongeohoemuchim

boiled down hairtail

갈치조림

galchi jorim

 



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Herbs & Vegetables 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

bellflower root salad

도라지나물

doraji namul

boiled and seasoned bean sprouts

콩나물

kong namul

eggplant steamed or fried

가지나물

gaji namul

mung bean sprouts salad

숙주나물

sukju namul

parboiled fern bracken salad

고사리나물

gosari namul

scientific name: Ligularia fischeri

취나물

chwi namul

summer squash pan fried or braised

호박나물

hobak namul

acorn jelly

도토리묵

dotorimuk

 



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Soups 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

bean sprout soup

콩나물국

kongnamul-guk

chilled cucumber soup

오이냉국

oinaeng-guk

dried pollack soup

북어국

bukeoguk

dumpling soup

만두국

mandu-guk

ginseng chicken soup

삼계탕

samgye-tang

hot spicy fish soup

매운탕

maeun-tang

potato soup

감자탕

gamja-tang

seafood soup

해물탕

haemul-tang

blue crab stew

꽃게탕

kkotge-tang

hot spicy stew soup

육개장

yukgaejang

knuckle bone soup

도가니탕

dogani-tang

loach and bean paste soup

추어탕

chueo-tang

ox bone and stew meat stock soup

설렁탕

seolleong-tang

ox short rib soup

갈비탕

galbi-tang

ox tail soup

꼬리곰탕

ggori gom-tang

spicy fish egg soup

알탕

altang

rice cake soup

떡국

ddeok-guk

sea mustard in chilled vinegar water

미역냉국

miyeoknaeng-guk

sea mustard soup

미역국

miyeok-guk

stew meat and tripe soup

곰탕

gom-tang

sunrise soup

해장국

haejang-guk

boiled chicken stuffed with rice and ginseng

닭백숙

dakbaeksuk

 



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Stews 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

army base stew

부대찌개

budae-jjiggae

bean paste stew

된장찌개

doenjang-jjigae

beef and vegetable stew

소고기전골

sogogi-jeongol

fairy casserole

신선로

shinseollo

fast fermented bean paste stew

청국장찌개

cheonggukjang-jjiggae

kimchi stew

김치찌개

kimchi-jjiggae

octopus stew

낙지전골

nakji-jeongol

raw bean curd stew

순두부찌개

sundubu-jjigae

seasoned entrails and vegetable stew

곱창전골

gopchang-jeongol

beef rib and octopus casserole

갈낙전골

gallak jeongol

kimchi casserole

김치전골

kimchi jeongol

short rib stew

갈비찜

galbi-jjim

 



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Stir-fried/Fried Foods & Pancakes 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

kimchi fried rice

김치볶음

kimchi bokkeum

sauteed mushroom salad

버섯볶음

beoseot bokkeum

stir-fried octopus

낙지볶음

nakji bokkeum

flat cake

부침개

buchimgae

pancake with welsh onion

파전

pajeon

potato pancake

감자전

gamjajeon

pan-fried meat

고기전

gogijeon

pan-fried kimchi with flour

김치전

kimchi jeon

green-bean (lentil) pancake

빈대떡

bindaeduk

 



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Snacks 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

dumplings

만두

mandu

Korean sausage

순대

sundae

rice wrapped in seaweed

김밥

gimbap

stir fried rice cake

떡볶기

tteokbokki

pancake stuffed with brown sugar, cinnamon, and nuts etc…

호떡

hoduk

deep fried foods

튀김

tuigim

deep fried dough stuffed with vegetables and others

고로케

goroke

deep fried sweet potato with syrup

맛탕

mattang

 



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Western Dishes 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

pork cutlet

돈까스

donkkaseu

chicken cutlet

치킨까스

chikinkkaseu

fish cutlet

생선까스

saengsunkkaseu

lobster

바닷가재

badagajae

hamburger made with bulgogi meat

불고기버거

Bulgogi Burger

beef cutlet

비프까스

beefggaseu

rice with shrimp and mozzarella cheese

새우도리아

saeu doria

curry and rice

카레라이스

kareraiseu

mushroom gratin

버섯그라탕

beoseotgeuratang

 



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Chinese Dishes 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

stir-fried noodles with chinese bean sauce

자장면

jajangmyeon

spicy seafood noodle soup

짬뽕

jjambbong

sweet and sour pork

탕수육

tangsuyuk

stir-fried pimento with meat and vegetables

고추잡채

gochu japchae

fried meat dumplings

군만두

gunmandu

fried chicken with garlic sauce

깐풍기

kkanpunggi

stir-fried minced meat balls with mixed vegetables

난자완스

nanjawanseu

steamed chinese rolls

꽃빵

kkotppang

fried shrimp with chili sauce

깐소새우

kkanso saeu

stir-fried chicken with hot sauce

라조기

rajogi

stir-fried mixed seafood and vegetables

류산슬

ryusanseul

stir-fried tofu with minced meat in hot sauce

마파두부

mapa dubu

stir-fried rice with egg and vegetables

볶음밥

bokeumbap

stir-fried rice with seafood

삼선볶음밥

samseon bokeumbap

udon with seafood

삼선우동

samseon udong

noodle soup with mixed seafood in hot sauce

삼선짬뽕

samseon jjamppong

pried shrimp balls

새우완자

saeu wanja

shark’s fin

샥스핀

shark’s fin

cold vegetable dish

양장피

yangjangpi

omelet with rice

오므라이스

omelet rice

stir-fried noodles with vegetables and rice

잡채밥

japchaebap

stir-fried mixed seafood with rice

잡탕밥

japtangbap

rice with Chinese bean sauce

짜장밥

jjajangbap

sauteed mixed seafood

팔보채

palbochae

 



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Japanese Dishes 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

shabu shabu

샤브샤브

syabeusyabeu

dried laver with vinegar rice

김초밥

gimchobap

sushi

생선초밥

saengseon chobap

vinegar rice in a piece of fried bean curd

유부초밥

yubuchobap

boiled rice topped with eel

장어덮밥

jangeo deopbap

sashimi

사시미

sasimi

sukiyaki

스끼야끼

Seukkiyakki

rice topped with fish eggs

알밥

albap

boiled fish paste casserole and rice with side dishes

오뎅전골

odeng jeongol

 



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Drinks 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation 

beer

맥주

maekju

Korean distilled liquor

소주

soju

wine

포도주

podoju

raw rice wine

막걸리

makkoli

clear soda pop

사이다

Saida

black tea

홍차

hongcha

green tea

녹차

nokcha

sweet drink made from fermented rice

식혜

shikhye

fruit punch made of honey

수정과

sujeonggwa

ice coffee

냉커피

naengcofi

ice flakes with syrup

빙수

bingsu

 



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General Words for Foods 

English 

Hangul 

Pronunciation

rice

bap

rice cake

duk

bread

bbang

cookie

과자

gwaja

soup

juk

soup

guk

stew

tang

stew

찌개

jjige

kimchi

김치

kimchi

herbs or wild greens

나물

namul

fish

생선

sengseon

meat

고기

gogi

beef

소고기

so-gogi

pork

돼지고기

degigogi

chicken

닭고기

tak-gogi

grilled pancake

chon

rice topped with other ingredients

덮밥

dob-bap

rice served in soup

국밥

kook-bap

steamed dish

jjim

stew

전골

jeongol

hard-boiled food

조림

jorim

raw fish

hoe

tea

cha

alcoholic drink

sul

dried laver

kim

brown seaweed

미역

miyeok

kelp

다시마

dasima

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